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Microfinance Company Registration

Rs. 60,000/- only
Register Company Anywhere in India

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What is Micro Finance Company?

Microfinance is an avenue of financial assistance for small and entrepreneurial businesses and entrepreneurs. It is a form of Non- Banking Financial Company (NBFC) providing microcredit loans for small and individual businesses as well as the general public. It is also referred to as a Micro Finance Institution (MFI). In India there are two kinds of microfinance models that are used in business activities:

1. Non-profit NGOs that are not for Profit (Trust Society Section 8 companies, etc.)

2. For-profit (NBFCMFI)

Concepts of Section 8 Micro Finance Company

An NGO may be registered as a company in Section 8 of Companies Act, 2013 (earlier section “25” of the Companies Act, 1956) and is registered as a Trust and a Society. Trusts and societies are governed and registered by the state’s laws and regulations. However an organization registered under section 8 has been registered in the Companies Act, 2013 and controlled by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

A company’s standing is constantly recognized as a top priority as compared to trust or the society. Thus, Section 8 companies have more credibility with Government departments, donors and other parties.

Section 8 Businesses and RBI Approval for Microfinance: In India finance companies are restricted by Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFC) and are overseen by RBI. Non-banking finance companies are required to obtain approval from RBI and follow RBI guidelines. But, certain business forms have been granted an exemption from RBI. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to carry out finance activities to a certain degree.

The Reserve Bank of India, through its master circularRBI/2015-16/15 DNBR (PD) CC.No.052/03.10.119/2015-16 Dated July 01, 2015, has exempted all Sec 25 Companies engaged in microfinance activities.

As per Para 2 (iii):

The sections 45-IA and 45-IB as well as 45-IC in the Reserve Bank of India Act (1934)(2 of 1934) do not apply to any financial institution that is not a bank that includes:

(a) involved in micro-financing and providing credit that is not more than the sum of Rs. 50000 for a business venture and the equivalent of Rs. 1,25,000 to cover the expenses of a living unit for any low-income person in order to help him increase his income and living standard and

(b) Authorized to operate under Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956; and

(c) Refusing to accept deposits from public banks as defined by section 2(1) (xii) in Notification No. 118/DG (SPT)-98 that was issued on 31 January 1998.

Microfinance registration requirements

A minimum of two persons are needed to register a Section 8 Company.

Documents Required:

Loan Limits For MFIs:

Section 8 Microfinance Company Registration Process

Section 8 Companies Compliances:-

Sr. No.CompliancesDue DateRemarks
1Formula MBP-1 (Disclosure of the nature of) Attachment to the form spice INC-32 for the purpose the incorporation Company1st April in every yearTo be presented by each Director to the Company at the Board’s first Meeting that is held every Financial Year.
2Form DIR-8 (Notice of non-disqualification of Directors)Intimation by Director to Company31st March of every year
3Board MeetingAtleast one meeting every Six Calendar months.
4Formula DIR-3KYC (KYC of Directors) Free of government fees Penalty 5000 if single day delayed Class -no penaltyOn or before September 30 of each Financial Year.To be filed by each Director that has ROC.
5The Form DPT-3 (Return of Deposit or details of the transaction that are not considered deposit or both) regular fees, with penaltyPrior to or on the 30th day of June of each Financial Year.It is required to file even if there’s no amount.
6MSME Formula 1 (Delay in the payment of MSME Vendor)-Half-yearly Penalty 25000 Amount The reason for the delay is that there are no mandatory attachmentsApril- September- October 31October-March- April 30In case of a delay exceeding 45 days after the expiration of the six months specified, in the process of making payments in making payment Micro and Small Enterprises.
7Formula MGT-14 (Filing of Board Resolution for approval of the Financial Statement and Board’s report)Within 30 days from the Board MeetingThis law is only applicable for Public Section 8 Company.
8Annual General Meeting (‘AGM’)In the period of 6 months following the close of the Financial Year with a maximum time of 15 months in between two meetings.The first AGM could be scheduled within nine months from the end on the initial Financial Year.
9Form ADT-1 (Appointment of Statutory Auditors)In the 15-day period following AGMStatutory Auditors are appointed for 5 years each with the exception of the first Auditor. First Auditor is appointed until at the time of the initial AGM.
10Form AOC-4 (Audited Financials and Board Report)In the first 30 days following the AGMFirst Financial Year of the Company can be of 15 months.
11Form MGT-7 (Annual Return)Within 60 days of the AGMList of Shareholders that must be included to the Form MGT-7


A microfinance firm is a type of institution that provides microcredit-based services. The majority of the time, this kind of business provides microcredit-based services for small-scale business owners in rural regions.

To be able to register a microfinance business First and foremost the company must be established pursuant to the Companies Act, 2013. Following this, the regulations for registration as stipulated by the RBI must be met by.
The company registration documents are among the most important documents required for microfinance business registration. However, bank documents and related letters must be submitted as well.
Usually, personal as well as commercial loans are offered by various microfinance firms.

This type of Company doesn’t require making any prepayments.

NBFC MFI will ensure that compliance is maintained in relation to the recovery methods. The recovery system must not be conducted with force. An organized system for recovering must be observed. If the borrower doesn’t pay the loan within the time frame specified the officer can pursue the funds.

Net assets is the amount of current assets owned by the Company.

One of the primary clients to the MFI include SME and small-scale entrepreneurs in rural areas.

This registration for MFI is a way to make the MFI self-reliant in compliance with the requirements. In addition there aren’t any formal registration requirements with the RBI.

Both companies are distinct. Nidhi Company is registered under section 406 of the Companies Act. While an application to register to be submitted for Microfinance Company registration has to take into account the section 8 companies.